Poznan (Poznań) is a city in the western part of Poland. The city, on the shores of the River Warta, has around 550,000 inhabitants. This makes Poznan the 5th largest city in the country. In the area around Poznan another 1.1 million people live. It's best known for its renaissance old town, destroyed during World War II and then rebuilt.
It's also known for its Ostrów Tumski cathedral. Today, the city is an important cultural and business center and one of Poland's most populous regions with regional customs such as Jarmark Świętojański, the traditional Saint Martin's croissants and a local dialect.
Poznan is among the oldest cities in Poland and was one of the most important centers in the early Polish state in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The first center city was Ostrów Tumski, the natural island on the Warta river.
The burial-place of the first rulers was in Poznan's cathedral on the island. It also served as the capital for a short time in the 13th century, hence the official name: "The capital city of Poznan".
Poznan under Prussian rule
Prussia administered the city after the second partition of Poland. After that, with Germany's unification after the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, the province of Posen became part of the German Empire. Furthermore, the city of Posen became an imperial city.
This lead to the construction of the Imperial Castle, the Imperial District and the Opera House. New city walls, a railway station and many other sites were also acquired which make a big part of its landmarks to this day.
Poznan is one of the biggest cities in Poland. It's the historical capital of the Greater Poland region and is now the administrative capital of the province called Greater Poland Voivodeship. The city is today one of the largest Polish centers of trade, industry, sports, education, technology, tourism and culture.
It's a particularly important academic center, with about 130,000 students and the third biggest Polish university - Adam Mickiewicz University. It also houses the oldest Polish diocese, now being one of the most populous archdiocese in the country.
Rogalin Palace near Poznan
Following years of renovation work, the 18th-century Rogalin palace near Poznan is admitting visitors again. Its artistic value and setting in the Warta River valley make it one of Poland’s finest palace complexes in a scenic park. Using pre-World War II documents, conservators restored one of Poland’s most beautiful Baroque and classical-era residences to its former glory.
Built in 1770-1776, the gem of Rogalin was home to the aristocratic Raczyński family. At the heart of the building is a two-wing Baroque palace. It boasts Rococo decorations and Classical interiors, designed by the outstanding architects of the time. Adjoining facilities include a stable, a carriage house, and former living quarters for land laborers. The backyard has a Rococo garden with a viewing hill.
Later generations of the family added a mausoleum that features a family crypt and a landscape garden. With its setting in the river valley, the Rogalin house is one of Poland’s finest park-engulfed palace complexes.
What makes this place special is the cultural patronage tradition, cultivated by all generations of the Raczyński family. Their greatest achievements include the first public library in the region, the Polish Kings’ Chapel at Poznan Cathedral, and a palace gallery of paintings that is open for the public.
Edward Raczyński, the last male descendant of the Rogalin line, established the Raczyński Foundation along the National Museum in Poznan. Raczyński bestowed the foundation with his family’s art collections as well as ownership rights to the house.
Today this treasure is on sight in its new splendor. Refurbishment work happened in several stages, covering both the interior and exterior of the palace. The overhaul also revamped the stable, the courtyard surface, park alleys, traveling trunks, a three-arch bridge and the carriage house.
Especially notable are a Neo-Rococo library with a black marble fireplace and cabinets inlaid with golden oak wood, as well as an armory with a militaria collection. It also includes a re-created London office of President Edward Raczyński with original ornaments. It includes an address book containing a hand-written phone number of Winston Churchill.
Put together over many decades, the family owned an impressive collection of Polish and European paintings from the turn of the 19th century. Destroyed and depleted during World War II, today the collection consists of around 250 pieces. It includes works by some of Poland’s most eminent artists. These include Jacek Malczewski, Aleksander Gierymski, Olga Boznańska, Leon Wyczółkowski and Józef Mehoffer.
Warta Banks Container Poznan
The river is making a comeback in Poznan. For years, areas along the Warta River were desolate. They couldn’t develop because of legal reasons. The city authorities were afraid of the flood risk. But art circles played a role in helping open up the riverside to Poznan residents. KotenerART, a mobile center of culture and art, emerged up on the waterfront.
Faced with a lack of space for artistic endeavors, they started the project to create more creative space in the form of containers. Since 2008, more containers appeared on the Warta riverbank.
A few years ago local councilors started to push for restoration of the riverside areas. They decided to stay true to the Warta theme. This is why although Poznan doesn't have embankments, the city offers several beaches in Chwaliszewo.
Now the city's about to complete a park leading to the Chwaliszewo beach and to KontenerART from Poznan Old Town. There's also a plan to launch a river tram that stops over at city beaches and at the harbor near Poznan Cathedral for those who cruise the Warta. They will want to moor at such a distinguished site.
Poznan University of Economics
Located in western Poland, midway between Warsaw and Berlin, Poznan has many faces. It’s a major business and academic center. 135,000 students make up a quarter of its entire population. But it also boasts a rich history and cultural leisure opportunities, as well as an affordable cost of living.
Amid these surrounds, one can study at one of the country’s oldest and most prestigious economics universities. PUE, established in 1926, became a teaching and research institution known for its credibility in economic analyses and innovative study programmes.
It has more than 10,000 students across its five faculties, and offers 14 major degree courses at bachelor, master and doctoral levels.
Beside this, it cooperates with 141 foreign universities. This allows it to take part in many international teaching and exchange programmes. Meanwhile, a growing number of research projects have an interdisciplinary profile, carried out together with businesses, local authorities and academic institutions.