Kotor, a UNESCO-listed World Natural and Historical Heritage Site, is a picturesque and well-preserved coastal town, in a secluded channel of a Montenegro bay.
Since cars are not allowed within Kotor’s Old Town, you can wander through the narrow maze of streets with cobblestones, packed with souvenir shops and traditional cafe's, and climb 1,350 steep steps to view the town’s ancient fortifications, mountains, breathtaking turquoise bay, coastal towns, and buildings that date back to the medieval times. If you are adventurous enough, try paragliding from atop the surrounding cliffs. Kotor Cathedral is one of the highlights.
Cathedral of Saint Tryphon Kotor (Kotor Cathedral)
The Romanesque Cathedral of Saint Tryphon is from 1166 and built on the place of a small Romanesque church from the 9th century. It's a three-nave Basilica, restored several times. This happened especially after the 1667 earthquake destroyed the bell towers and a part of the facade. After the earthquake, new bell towers in the Baroque style appeared.
The rose windows on the facade are those which attract the special attention. Once they were Romanesque but today they are with Gothic-Renaissance motives.
Inside the Cathedral
St. Tryphon’s Cathedral has in its possession a rich collection of art paintings. It preserves works of Marin Lovra Dobricevic, Tripo Kokolj, Paolo Veroveza, Hieronim Santa Croce and other great artists. The church has a rich collection of gold and silver relics, the works of local masters from the period from the 14th to the 18th centuries. The interior of the Cathedral has frescoes done by Greek masters.
The most important part of the interior decoration of the Cathedral is the Romanesque Gothic ciborium from the 14th century above the main altar. On the wall of the apse there is the Golden Altarpiece with figures of Christ, the Virgin, St. John the Baptist and St. Tryphon and sixteen other saints. It's the masterpiece of Kotor goldsmiths’ work of the first half of the 15th century.
|Address||Trg Sv. Tripuna, Stari grad, Kotor|
|Telephone||+382 32 336 242|
Church of Saint Luke Kotor
The church of Sveti Luka (St. Luke) in Kotor on the square Piazza Greca has the traits of both Roman and Byzantine architecture. This church is the only edifice in town, which has not suffered significant damages during the earthquake in 1979.
Daskal Dimitrij the founder of Boka Kotorska painting school Rafailovic did the iconostasis of the church from the 17th century. This used to be a Catholic school until the middle of the 17th century, but later because of the wars and the arrival of the Orthodox people in Kotor it went to Orthodox believers for use and it represents a testimony about the harmonious co-existence of Catholic and Orthodox people.
The church today is significant because of the fact that it has two altars, a Catholic and an Orthodox one. The floor in the church is of tomb panels on joined graves of citizens of Kotor, because until 1930’s the burying happened in the church itself.
|Address||Trg Sv. Luke, Stari grad, Kotor|
Church of Saint Ana Kotor
We can talk about St. Anna's church only on the basis of the characteristics of its architecture since the historical data dealing with the church's earliest history are unknown. According to the characteristics of its style, St. Anna's church seems to be from the end of the 12th and the beginning of the 13th century. The church is a single nave building with a dome.
Pillars and transverse arches of the vault on three transcripts dismember its interior. Over the middle transept there's a dome conceived with regards to the domes of other single nave Romanic churches in Kotor with which St. Anna's church links according to the solutions of the western the facade, the frieze of blind arcades on the facade's, applied decorative system and so on. On the northern side the church obtained a side chapel, elongated towards the west during a later reconstruction of the church after one of the 16th or 17th century earthquakes.
The western facade of the chapel is of stone from a Gothic style. During reconstructions of the church in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, St. Anna's church lost much of its original looks. After one of the earthquakes it lost its dome. The biggest changes of its looks occurred during the middle of the last century, including removal of both apsis and raising the walls. The facade got new wide openings. The interior got Baroque looks and the building obtained a two-sided roof.
During the last decade, the church underwent complex and extensive works with the aim of exploring its architecture, consolidation of declining walls and vaults, reconstruction of the original shapes and presentation of the total of its monumental values. At the course of these works the remains of fresco painting were discovered and preserved in the northern chapel, inside the church as well as on the western facade of St. Anna's church.
The dome was restored to the extent that enabled the data obtained during the research. For the outside shape of the drum it was not possible to find any data thus, modern material show the difference from the original parts. The apsis on the eastern side were reconstructed, as well as the original looks of the portal. St. Anna's church has its cult function again.
Church of Saint Mary Kotor
The church is in the Old Town of Kotor from the Northern side next to the Sea Gate. St. Mary is the most popular sightseeing of Old Kotor built in 13th century on the site of the Cathedral church. The church honors St. Mary, but since St. Ozana's relics are in the church as well, it has a double name. The history of St. Mary's started in the first quarter of 13th century.
The church's premises are on a holy place, seeing that an early christian basilica of the 6th century used to be here. Baptistery and some fragments of church furniture were found near an ancient basilica's base.
Today these findings are visible in the sacristy on five feet below the existing bottom level. The facade of the church is of interleaved horizontal rows of pink and grey stone, while stone tiles cover the gabled roof and dome.
A notable detail of the exterior is original molded doors with 24 hammered images depicting scenes of life in Old Kotor. Greek artist made the frescoes of the temple in the 14th century, but just fragments were kept in the apsis and Southern wall.
Church of the Healing Mother of God Kotor
Gospe od Zdravlja
Situated on a hill that overlooks the Old Town, the Church of Our Lady Health affords visitors with beautiful views of the town and the water beyond. The church dates back to the 15th century. It stands half way up St. John’s Hill.
Following numerous plague epidemics, the church became a votive church dedicated to prayer.
Prince Palace Kotor
Prince's Palace in Kotor is from the 18th century and belongs to the most valuable monuments of Renaissance architecture. This building does not stand out any frills in the architectural solution. The construction is not bright Baroque features, except for curly brackets that support the long balcony.
At first time, the palace functioned as a house for the Venetian governor. In 1788 the palace turned into a military barracks and military warehouses.
The shape of the building is strongly stretched, it has a length of 60 m and a width of 6 m. This feature of the architecture made it very vulnerable to all earthquakes. In 1979, during an earthquake, the Prince's Palace was almost completely destroyed, its debris capturing and other neighboring buildings.
The construction is gradually restored, and today the palace is completely restored thanks to the owners of small shops on the ground floor of the palace.
Napoleon’s Theater Kotor
Napoleon's theater is from the 18th century. In 1810 the French occupying authorities reconstructed this building to establish regular theater, one of the first in this country. To turn it into the theater, they had to break down the northern facade.
This building was considerably damaged in the 1979 earthquake when its southern facade was almost completely destroyed. Academic sculptors and builders from Macedonia restored the facade in all details. The interior of the object was entirely adapted for an exclusive restaurant and entertainment object.