Kobarid is a small town in Slovenia known for the 1917 Battle of Caporetto. The municipality is the westernmost in Slovenia, situated within the Julian Alps in the Upper Soča Valley, at the confluence with the Nadiža River, close to the border with Italy. People inhabited Kobarid since prehistoric times and archaeological remains from the Hallstatt period have been found in the area. The nearby Tonocov Grad archaeological site has remains of 5th century Roman buildings.
The Kobarid Museum developed from a museum collection set up by the locals with professional assistance of Goriški muzej in 1990. It first operated within the frame of the Tourist Society of Kobarid. Five years later, as agreed with the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Slovenia, the founders transferred the management to a non-profit company of limited liability which still manages the Museum. In the year 2011, the Kobarid Museum made it in the official register of Slovenian museums.
The museum received the highest Slovenian award in the museum sphere for its activities, the Valvasor Prize. The museum received a nomination for the European Museum of the Year Award (EMYA) and a prize from the Council of Europe Museum Prize. Many notable persons have visited the Museum: from monarchs, three presidents of the EU Parliament, many presidents of states, prime ministers, ministers, presidents of various world associations, superiors of different churches, all to Nobel Prize winners.
Since its establishment the Museum has organized more than forty exhibitions both at home and abroad, of which a series of presentations of the European nations participating in the Kobarid Battle needs special attention. Likewise, a number of exhibitions organized in European capitals (Vienna, Rome, Paris, Ljubljana, Zagreb) during the Slovenian EU presidency were met with wide response. There were also more than 200 different cultural events in the cycle of the so-called Museum Evenings.
Sacrario dei Caduti di Caporetto
The military memorial Caporetto or Anthony shrine is an Italian military memorial in Kobarid Slovenia. It houses the remains of 7,014 Italians who fell during the First World War .
Built by the Italian State, to which the region belonged at that time, the shrine was completed in September 1938. The head of government of the time, Benito Mussolini, opened it. It was built on the hill Gradic and was designed by the sculptor Giannino Castiglioni and the architect Giovanni Greppi. You can find it north of the town of Kobarid. Among the 7,014 corpses there are 1,748 unknown soldiers, which are collected in six graves on both sides of the central staircases. From the main square of the country a tarmac road leads to the square above. Along the same road are the fourteen Stations of the Cross .
The crypt is of a pyramidal shape with an octagonal base, and on top of the building is a church dedicated to St. Anthony of Padua. Consecration was in 1696 and therefore already existing before the present one came into place. Moreover, its management is entrusted to the Italian State.