The settlement Gora (Góra) in the Duchy of Silesia was first mentioned in a deed from 1155 by Pope Adrian IV conveying the property to the Diocese of Wroclaw. The name of the town means "hill" or "mountain" in Old Polish. In 1288 it became part of the Duchy of Głogów under the Piast duke Henry III and received Magdeburg rights. The German name Guhrau is first documented in 1336. From the 14th century onwards, the town developed to a center of cloth manufacturing.

Prussia annexed Guhrau upon the First Silesian War in 1742 and from 1816 was the administrative seat of Landkreis Guhrau within the Province of Silesia. Again a county seat from 1946, from 1975 to 1998 Gora belonged to Leszno Voivodeship.

Gora Cavalry

Gora Cavalry

Gora Cavalry

This ambitious project was the work of the Bishop of Poznan Stefan Wierzbowski. In 1666, he bought the village of Gora (Góra), lying 36 km from Warsaw, and built a town there, which he called the New Jerusalem. Its urban layout combined two traditions. On the one hand, it supposed to show (at least according to contemporary knowledge) the topography of the Holy City. Soil came from Palestine, which was strewn over the streets. On the other hand, the town has a design according to the plan of the Cross, to symbolize the spiritual order of the world. The bishop built 38 chapels for Passion worship.

New Jerusalem soon began to attract large numbers of pilgrims from Masovia. To provide pastoral care, Bishop Wierzbowski brought in seven religious orders, which opened their monasteries. At that time, seven church towers looked down over the town, a view unparalleled in other Cavalries. With time, the town gained the name Góra Kalwaria (Mount Calvary).

It declined in importance after the partition of Poland, when first the Prussian authorities secularized most church property, and then the Russian closed the monastic orders. Today, of all the old gatherings, only the Marians still conduct ministrations. The main site of pilgrimage, however, has become the Upper Room of New Jerusalem, where the body of St. Stanisław Papczyński now rests.

Gora Map

Weather in Gora

Overcast
Currently
Overcast
Today is forecast to be Much Warmer than yesterday.
Partly Cloudy
Wednesday
12/19 10%
Partly Cloudy
Mostly cloudy skies early will become partly cloudy later in the day. High 24F. Winds SE at 5 to 10 mph.
High 24° / Low 21°
Snow
Thursday
12/20 50%
Snow
Cloudy. Snow likely in the afternoon. High around 30F. Winds SSE at 5 to 10 mph. Chance of snow 50%.
High 30° / Low 27°
Snow
Friday
12/21 50%
Snow
Snow during the morning will transition to light rain during the afternoon. Temps nearly steady in the low to mid 30s. Winds SSW at 10 to 15 mph. Chance of precip 50%.
High 34° / Low 31°
Rain
Saturday
12/22 70%
Rain
Cloudy with periods of rain. Temps nearly steady in the upper 30s. Winds WSW at 10 to 15 mph. Chance of rain 70%.
High 40° / Low 34°
Snow
Sunday
12/23 60%
Snow
Periods of rain and snow. Temps nearly steady in the mid 30s. Winds WNW at 10 to 15 mph. Chance of precip 60%.
High 37° / Low 34°

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