The oldest district of Zabrze is Biskupice, a place first mentioned in 1242. A number of small houses in what then was just a small village were situated along the street now known as Staromiejska, which runs towards Gliwice. The inhabitants farmed the land, with the pride of place among the crops being given to hops. Zabrze started to develop towards the close of the 18th century thanks to the opening of the first coal mine in 1791, named after the late Prussian queen, Luiza, in 1811. However, the most important factors in the town’s development were yet to come. In 1823 the Gliwice Canal was built and then in 1846 a railway was opened. The rapid development this produced resulted in Zabrze being granted a town charter in 1922.
The history of Zabrze is closely connected with the history of the mine. Mining in the area affected important spheres of people’s lives, from employment to cultural life to education. The mine was one of the most prosperous in Europe until the early 1990's, when the industry began to die a natural death. The last coal was brought to the surface on 31st March 1998. With the closure of the mine, the town seems to have started falling into developmental stagnation.
In 1967, Zabrze was visited by Charles de Gaulle. He is now commemorated by a monument in front of the Dom Muzyki i Tanca theater and on a memorial tablet. On visiting Zabrze, de Gaulle claimed that the town was the most Silesian of all the Silesian towns and the most Polish of all the Polish towns. You may want to verify these words of this famous president of France during your visit to Zabrze.
Guido Mine in Zabrze
Founded in 1855, the mine is unique in Europe. After decommissioning, it served as a drainage point and an experimental mine. Through the shaft, tourists go down to the levels of 170 m and 320 m. The latter offers the deepest coal mine tourist route in Europe. Apart from visiting opportunities, the mine provides artistic sensations as well. At the level of 320 m, below ground a K8 Zone provides a business, culture and entertainment zone. It consists of four breath-taking mining chambers which house a concert hall, a banquet hall and a conference room, as well as the world’s deepest pub.
Residence Luxury Hotel
Comfortable elegance will surround you as you cross the threshold of Residence Luxury Hotel. Perfect design, fine materials and colors emanate with an aura of extravagance and luxury. Comfortable bathrooms, elaborately designed rooms and cozy beds will help you capture the essence of true relaxation.
You can choose from 68 fully-equipped and air-conditioned rooms, each of which is different. A specially designed relaxation zone with a Finnish sauna, Jacuzzi, gym and salt cave, additionally will make your stay special.
We also provide free Internet in the entire hotel as well as the transport from the Katowice-Pyrzowice airport in both ways - if necessary, the driver will stay at your disposal. For drivers, the hotel guarantees free parking place while the convenient location of the Residence Luxury Hotel makes that everything is at hand.