Vilnius Jewish Ghetto
A Vilnius Jewish ghetto formed in the Middle Ages in the area bordered by Dominikonu, Vokiecu, and Stikliu streets. This territory later extended as far as the approach to the Central (Hala) Market and included districts on the other side of Pylimo Street, now the site of the only surviving synagogue of the nearly 100 prayer houses that Vilnius once had. The streets around the Historicist style choral synagogue (built in 1903) - mainly Raugyklos, Sv. Stepono, Zemaitijos - may still have a few buildings with remnants of old inscriptions in Yiddish. The Great Synagogue, which once stood at the end of present-day Zydu Street, was torn down after the Second World War. No traces remain of adjacent smaller synagogues or the famous Strashun Library.
|Address||Pylimo gatve 4, Vilnius|
|Telephone||+370 5 2613 003|
|Opening hours||Monday to Friday 10.00 – 17:00.|
A bust of the Vilna Gaon (Rabbi Eliyahu ben Shlomo Zalman) stands on the approximate site of his 18th century home. He was a Talmudist, halakhist, kabbalist, and the foremost leader of mitnagdic (non-hasidic) Jewry of the past few centuries. He is commonly referred to in Hebrew as ha-Gaon he-Chasid mi-Vilna, "the saintly genius from Vilnius". A few original buildings still stand on Stikliu, Gaono, and M. Antokolskio streets. The Jewish community of Vilnius - nearly 60,000 people in 1941 - was tragically exterminated during the Second World War. Exhibits from its history are found at the State Vilna Gaon Jewish Museum. A monument to the Japanese diplomat Chiune Sugihara, who helped save the lives of a great many Jewish people, stands at the museum on Pamenkalno Street.
|Address||Naugarduko st. 10/2, Vilnius|
|Telephone||+370 5 231 2357|