Poznan (Poznań) is a city in the western part of Poland. The city is built on the shores of the River Warta and has around 550,000 inhabitants. This makes Poznan the fifth largest city in the country. In the area around Poznan another 1.1 million people live. It's best known for its renaissance old town, destroyed during the Second World War and then rebuilt. It is also known for its Ostrów Tumski cathedral. Nowadays, the city is an important cultural and business center and one of Poland's most populous regions with many regional customs such as Jarmark Świętojański, the traditional Saint Martin's croissants and a local dialect.
Poznan is among the oldest cities in Poland and was one of the most important centers in the early Polish state in the tenth and eleventh centuries. The first center city was Ostrów Tumski, the natural island on the Warta river. The first rulers were buried in Poznan's cathedral on the island. It also served as the capital for a short time in the 13th century, hence the official name: "The capital city of Poznan".
Poznan under Prussian rule
Prussia administered the city after the second partition of Poland. After that, with the unification of Germany after the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, the province of Posen became part of the German Empire. Furthermore, the city of Posen was officially named an imperial residence city, leading to the construction of the Imperial Castle, the Imperial District and the Opera House. New city walls, a railway station and many other sites were also acquired which make a big part of its landmarks to this day.
Poznan is one of the biggest cities in Poland. The city population is about 550,000, while the continuous conurbation with Poznan County and several other communities makes a total of almost 1.1 million people. It's the historical capital of the Wielkopolska (Greater Poland) region and is now the administrative capital of the province called Greater Poland Voivodeship. The city is today one of the largest Polish centers of trade, industry, sports, education, technology, tourism and culture. It is particularly important academic center, with about 130,000 students and the third biggest Polish university - Adam Mickiewicz University. It's also the residence of the oldest Polish diocese, now being one of the most populous archdiocese in the country.
Rogalin Palace near Poznan
Following years of renovation work, the 18th-century Rogalin palace near Poznan is now admitting visitors again. Its artistic value and picturesque setting in the Warta River valley make it one of Poland’s finest palace complexes in a scenic park. Using pre-World War II documents, conservators have meticulously restored one of Poland’s most beautiful baroque and classical-era residences to its former glory.
Built in 1770-76 based on a design by an unknown architect, the gem of Rogalin was home to the aristocratic Raczyński family. At the heart of the building is a two-wing baroque palace with rococo decorations and classical interiors, designed by the outstanding architects of the time: Domenico Merlini and Johann Christian Kammsetzer. Adjoining facilities include a stable, a carriage house, a woodshed, and former living quarters for land laborers. The backyard has a rococo garden with a viewing hill.
Subsequent generations of the family added a Roman temple inspired mausoleum that features a family crypt and a landscape garden. With its picturesque setting in the Warta River valley, a spatial plan accommodating natural landscape, and artistic value, the residence at Rogalin is one of Poland’s finest park-engulfed palace complexes.
What makes this place special in Polish culture is the cultural patronage tradition, cultivated by all generations of the Raczyński family. Their greatest achievements include the first public library in the region of Wielkopolska (the Poznan-based Raczyński Library that is still in operation today), the Polish Kings’ Chapel at Poznan Cathedral, and a palace gallery of paintings that is open for the public. Edward Raczyński, the last male descendant of the Rogalin line and Poland’s president-in-exile from 1979 to 1986, established the Raczyński Foundation along the National Museum in Poznan. Raczyński bestowed the foundation with his family’s art collections as well as ownership rights to the residence.
Today this architectural treasure is on sight in its new splendor. Refurbishment work was carried out in several stages, covering both the interior and exterior of the palace, including 17 ovens, over 200 items of furniture, more than 30 lamps and candlesticks, textiles, paintings, frames, clocks and stained glass windows. The overhaul also revamped the stable, the courtyard surface, park alleys, travelling trunks, a three-arch bridge and the carriage house which has an impressive collection of horse-drawn vehicles. Especially notable among the palace interiors are a Neo-rococo library featuring a black marble fireplace and cabinets inlaid with golden oak wood, as well as an armory with a collection of militaria. It also includes a meticulously re-created London office of President Edward Raczyński with original ornaments, including an address book containing a hand-written phone number of Winston Churchill.
Put together over many decades, the Raczyński family was the proud owner of an impressive collection of Polish and European paintings from the turn of the 19th century. Destroyed and depleted during World War II, today the collection consists of around 250 pieces and includes works by some of Poland’s most eminent artists, such as Jacek Malczewski, Aleksander Gierymski, Olga Boznańska, Leon Wyczółkowski and Józef Mehoffer.
Warta Banks Container Poznan
The river is making a comeback in Poznan. For years, areas along the Warta River were desolate. They couldn’t develop because of legal reasons. The city authorities were afraid of the flood risk. Art circles also played a role in helping open up the riverside to Poznan residents. KotenerART, a mobile center of culture and art, was set up on the waterfront by artist couple Ewa and Zbigniew Łowżył.
Faced with a lack of space for artistic endeavors, they started the project to create more creative space in the form of containers. Since 2008, containers more containers were installed throughout Poznan, predominantly on the Warta riverbank.
A few years ago local councilors started to push for restoration of the riverside areas. They decided to stay true to the Warta theme. This is why although Poznan, unlike Gorzow Wielkopolski, does not have embankments, the city has nevertheless been able to offer a beach in Chwaliszewo for three consecutive years. And three or four new ones will come this year.
They will open in June. Right now we’re about to complete a park leading to the Chwaliszewo beach and to KontenerART from Poznan Old Town. There's also a plan to launch a river tram, or a small ship that would stop over at city beaches and at the harbour we’re building near Poznan Cathedral for those who cruise the Warta. They will surely want to moor at such a distinguished site.
Poznan University of Economics
Located in western Poland, midway between Warsaw and Berlin, Poznan has many faces. It’s a major business and academic center, its 135,000 students make up nearly a quarter of its entire population, but also boasts a rich history and varied cultural leisure opportunities, as well as an affordable cost of living.
Amid these surrounds, you can study at one of the country’s oldest and most prestigious economics universities. PUE was established in 1926, since when it has become a teaching and research institution known for its credibility in economic analyses and innovative study programmes.
It now has more than 10,000 students across its five faculties (Economics, International Business and Economics, Informatics and Electronic Economy, Commodity Science, and Management), and offers 14 major degree courses at bachelor, master and doctoral levels.
In addition, it cooperates with 141 foreign universities(of which 106 are Erasmus agreements), allowing it to take part in many international teaching and exchange programmes. Meanwhile,a growing number of research projects have an interdisciplinary profile, and are carried out together with businesses, local authorities and academic institutions. For the last few years, it has consistently come second in Polish economic university rankings–cementing its reputation for quality research and education–while admission decisions are made quickly and courses in English are available.